It is located in the Matale district in the centre near the town called Dambulla. According to history, this site was chosen by the king Kasyapa to serve as his new capital. There is a huge gateway shaped like a lion and the place derives its name from this gateway. This place served as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.
The fortress complex, constructed in the 5th century, includes attractions such as the royal gardens, one of the oldest landscaped gardens in the world, and the Mirror Wall, which is adorned with ancient graffiti. The highlight of the fortress is the colourful frescoes painted on the western face of the rock; it is believed that there were initially 500 such frescoes, but merely around 22 of them remain today. The gigantic Lion’s Paws greet visitors before the summit. At the peak are the ruins of the royal palace of King Kashyapa I, and 360-degree panoramas of the surrounding landscape. Sigiriya Museum at the foot of the rock has a plethora of artefacts related to Sigiriya on display for visitors seeking information regarding the site’s history.
Another interesting archaeological site located nearby is Pidurangala, which houses the remains of a cave temple complex. Hiking to the summit of Pidurangala Rock offers stunning views of the Sigiriya Rock.
Right in the midst of Sri Lanka’s Cultural Triangle lies Sigiriya, also known as Sinhagiri. Recognized for its ancient rock fortress, located in Matale Northern District near Dambulla. Labeled a world heritage site by UNESCO, Sigiriya is referred to as one of the 8 wonders of the world by its inhabitants, thanks to its archeological significance and incoming tourist traffic. One of the leading examples of ancient urban planning that’s been maintained well.
With traditional artifacts to boast of in the North, plush green moorlands in the Center and some amazing beaches along its Southern and Western coastlines, Sri Lanka is quite rich in exploring its natural beauty and historic monuments. To travel anywhere from Colombo, it will easily take you about 3-4 hours, with Colombo to Sigiriya being the most preferred journey. Here's a guide on how to reach Sigiriya.
There are no direct flights from India to Sigiriya. You can take a flight from India to Colombo International Airport with nearly 19 flights operating from Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai & New Delhi. Once you land at the Colombo International Airport, to reach Sigiriya you can take a flight, catch a bus, or book a rental car or a cab.
The distance between Colombo and Sigiriya is 150 km. It is roughly an hour and 33 mins travel to Sigiriya, inclusive of transfers. If you’d like to fly, it’ll cost you anything between LKR 16,000-40,000 for a flight. Cinnamon Air, a reputable domestic airline in Sri Lanka has an air taxi operating daily from Colombo airport’s domestic terminal to Sigiriya. Although it is the fastest way to reach Sigiriya (30 mins), flying is a bit too steep in terms of budget!
Further, the air taxi is small in comparison to other flights and can only accommodate about 8 people at a time. The flight schedule is as listed below –
The best way to reach Sigiriya from Colombo is by train and will cost you between LKR 800-1,200. It is an hour and 33 minutes from Colombo. However, there are no direct trains to Sigiriya. The best option is to board the train from Colombo Fort to Habrana, which is 15 km away. If you reserve a 3rd class ticket, the fare would be LKR 480, while a confirmed seat in the 2nd class is LKR 600. The train leaves at 6.10 am every day from Colombo Fort to Habrana and takes about 4 hours 50 minutes.
From Habrana, Sigiriya is approx. 17 km and costs LKR 750-900 by Taxi.
If you love driving, you can always rent a private car and take either of the two routes recommended to reach Sigiriya. The usual route is the A01 route from Kandy Road to Ambepuss, via Kurunegala on A06. Depending on the traffic you can hope to reach Sigiriya in 3 hours max. The second option is to drive on the Katunayake Expressway.
Traveling to Sigiriya can be quite tiring, considering the direct options to reach there are limited to none. If you’d like to travel by bus, it may take longer than driving in a cab or a rental car. From Colombo, the number 15 bus to Anuradhapura or number 48 to Kaduruwela are the best options; alternatively, you’d board number 49 to Trinco and get down either at Dambulla or Habrana. From Habrana, you’d take a 3-wheeler to Sigiriya, which will cost you LKR 300, although the journey may nearly exhaust you from the long travel!
The best way to getting around in Sigiriya is by bikes or scooters which cost anywhere between LKR 300-1500 on hire. You can also hire a tuk-tuk, considering their cost-effectiveness and the fact that you can explore a lot of places that may be off the track.
An austere sanctuary, a rock art gallery and an invincible citadel, Sigiriya is most popular for its mysterious rocky outcrop, built in the 5th century AD in lieu of an anticipated conquest and is located upon a 656 ft high rock. With beautiful paintings of women adorning the rock, a graffiti wall that’s almost 1000 years old, a lion’s paws and breathtaking views, Sigiriya is an archeological wonder.
The weather in Sigiriya is quite average with temperatures hardly varying. Given the humidity levels, the temperature is quite warm all year round, with considerable rainfall through half the year. The best time to visit Sigiriya is in July, then August and next January, during which time you’ll find all flights and hotel fares at their peak unless you book in advance. March is dull in Sigiriya, and hence quite easy on the pocket too.
Spring in Sigiriya is low on business, which makes it an opportune time for good travel deals. March to May makes the weather quite warm on account of humidity and temperature fluctuation, with the highest temperature varying between 34.9°C and 32.2°C. Rains during this period is a usual occurrence with around 4-10 days of rainfall in each month.
This is the best period for tourism in Sigiriya when summer is typically overcast, short & hot! With the humidity levels soaring, the highest temperature is 34.9°C in early April and the night temperature seldom goes below 23.7°C. Rainfall’s down to a bare minimum with only 3 days at the least in each month.
The fall season sees the temperature varying between 33.3°C and 29.7°C, making it pleasant weather to be in. There’s a considerable amount of rain or snowfall ranging between 4 days to a fortnight in a month, making it a slow season for tourism.
Winters are warm, wet and short as well, usually for a period of 2½ months, from 10 November-26 January. The average temperature stays at 29°C and the coldest day ends up being 28 January mostly. It rains or snows for almost 5-12 times in a month, making it the second-best time to visit Sigiriya.
With its temperate weather conditions, Sigiriya’s appropriate for tourism throughout the year. The warm weather gets challenging when you climb to the rock, as there’s a fair bit of walking involved. However, since the wind current is so strong, the harshness of the sun wouldn’t really bother as much. The best time to climb would be early mornings and evenings before 5 pm. After this time, you can expect roaming elephants and wasps. Weekends are usually crowded and so are public holidays.
Given its popularity, most eateries in Sigiriya are based on the thematic aura of the Sigiriya Rock Fortress. The food in Sigiriya is quite economical and also authentic in regards to the local cultural taste. Of some of the best places in Sigiriya to enjoy local cuisine, Rithu restaurant, Inamaluwa Sigiriya leads, on the way to the Lion Rock. For LKR 750 per person, you can have a variety of delicacies, enjoy the earthy and pleasant vibes of the restaurant.
Another popular diner is the Wijesiri Family Restaurant, Sigiriya road, with famous local tea. The food is delectable and prices reasonable. The Banana Lassi at the Ahinsa Restaurant, Inamaluwa-Sigiriya Road is quite promising, while the menu is rich with good food and more than enough quantity! Some other eating places include the Royal Sigiriya and Chooti restaurants.
The Sigiriya Craft Village is a shopper’s delight with a lovely assortment of local artefacts with some really beautiful selection of wood carvings, batik, jewellery, and brass items. The prices of these items vary between being reasonable to expensive and you need to be a smart bargainer. Then there’s Lanka Souvenirs and Vish Wood Carvings where you can find a wide array of wood art, leather items, paintings, gemstones, minerals, and local spices. You can also visit Lanka Silks, which specialises in Silk Sarees, Batik Sarom, and Natural Silk.
Sigiri Rock Side Home Stay
Featuring free WiFi and a restaurant, Sigiri Rock Side Home Stay offers pet-friendly accommodation in Sigiriya. Free private parking is available on site. Some rooms feature a seating area to relax in after a busy day.
Aliya Resort and Spa
Aliya Resort and Spa is set amidst lush tropical foliage. Situated just opposite Sigiriya Rock, the resort boasts an outdoor swimming pool, fitness centre and 4 dining options. Free Wi-Fi access is available in this property.
Sigiriya is located within the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka, an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Featuring the best view of the Lion’s Rock, it offers an outdoor pool, restaurant and free parking. Air-conditioned guestrooms offer views of the garden.
The Nature Park Villa
Situated in Sigiriya, 1.7 km from Sigiriya Rock, The Nature Park Villa features accommodation with a restaurant, free private parking, an outdoor swimming pool and a garden.
Sigiriya is a town located in Sri Lanka’s North Central Province, a beautiful destination for travellers who have an avid interest in archeological ruins. A fortress, Sigiriya is encompassed with palaces and gardens that were built by King Kasyap in 5th century AD, post an unsuccessful attempt to kill & seize his father and to prevent any future attacks. Sigiriya’s economy is totally tourism dependent. From serene boat rides to a stay in some beautiful destination hotels, from hiking, nature trails, hot air balloon rides to elephant safaris, here are some amazing things that you can enjoy at Sigiriya.
A Pleasant Hotel Stay
While this really may not be an activity you can engage in, but it is a significant addition to your trip to Sigiriya. With Sri Lankan tourism being constantly worked on in terms of its service offerings, most luxury hotels have premium facilities and ambiance at low tariffs. For a 5-star or 4-star stay, you can expect a room rent of $100-$150 a night, in comparison to an exorbitant $500 somewhere else. Some mentionable properties in Sigiriya that would make your stay memorable include the Water Garden and Jetwing Lake Hotels, with beautiful views of Sigiriya Rock and villa-like rooms with either their private pools or a long swimming pool, with every room having a pool view, not to forget restaurants with buffet cuisines.
If you would like to explore eateries aside from the delightful restaurants and food options available in your hotel then it is best to hit the streets to gorge on some spicy curries, especially the veg and non-veg Kottu. Sri Lankan cuisine comes close to the Indian South Indian fare but has its own indigenous touch to everything.
Sigiriya’s also popular for 3 of the largest national parks in Sri Lanka, and the elephant safaris that happen there. Witness one of the largest gatherings of Elephants and be a part of a day in their lives as they chow down the lush green grass, play around with their friends and dunk and drink in the lake. There are a variety of other species as well at the park to view and enjoy!
Take a boat ride in the lake with beautiful views of Sigiriya and the picturesque countryside. With some large lily pads in the lake and the gorgeous setting sun, you can look forward to a peaceful ride apt for quiet reflection.
Hot Air Balloon Ride
One of the best activities of your trip to Sigiriya, but an expensive one albeit, would be the Hot Air Balloon ride that you can sign up for with Sri Lanka Balloon, a government-approved enterprise which specializes in sunrise rides in Sigiriya. You will be bundled up in one of these balloons and taken over the lush landscape of this town, all windy hair and broad grins in tow.
Open Jeep Tour & Cycling Trips
What’s a better way of getting around a place than with a local, who will take you through the original villages of Sri Lanka, make you familiar with their lifestyle, their agricultural landscape, natural habitat and ancient ruins, all in the midst of thick forests, in addition to visiting the local markets that sell village groceries. You will also be honoured by their village hospitality. You can also explore the village on a bicycle if you enjoy riding and experience the rural life with a guide who will introduce you to the origins and history of the area, help you interact with villagers and treat you to some coconut juice to quench your thirst.
Nature Trail in Habrana
A bush walk inside the lush forests of Habrana where you can expect to meet some elephants, enjoy watching the birds or witness the wildlife with an experienced villager is another highlight of things to do in Sigiriya. Mark the end of the trail with a sundowner by a beautiful lake or on a rock cliff.
The top sightseeing places in Sigiriya are Sigiriya Rock, Pidurangala Rock , Elephant rides, Sigiriya Museum , Dambulla Cave Temple , Royal Gardens.
Sigiriya is famous for it's palace ruins on top of a massive 200 meter high rock surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs and other structures.
Sigiriya is located 175 kilometers to the North-East of Colombo.